Reliability and validity of Indonesian version of career maturity inventory (CMI) form C


Career Maturity Inventory (CMI) Form C is an inventory used to measure high school student’s career maturity. Although several studies have measured the reliability and validity of the 24-item CMI Form C that created by Crites and Savickas, there are only a limited number of researches measuring the psychometric properties of the Indonesian version of the CMI Form C. The present study examines the reliability and validity of the Indonesian version of CMI Form C. The study involved sample comprised of 109 high school students, the age ranging from 16 to 18 years old. Utilizing Rasch Model Analysis, of 24 items assessed, only 10 items were fit. The result showed that the item reliability of CMI is r=0.97. This limitation of fit items indicated that there are cultural differences of how Indonesian students perceived the career maturity. Consequently, further study that considering Indonesian culture of CMI need to be conducted before applying it massively in the Indonesia context.


Career maturity, Indonesian version, validity, reliability.


  • Boone, W., Staver, J. & Yale, M., 2014. Rasch Analysis in the Human Sciences. Dordrecht: Springer.
  • Crites, J. O. & Savickas, M. L., 1996. Revision of the Career Maturity Inventory. Journal of Career Assessment, , 4(2), pp. 131-138.
  • Dedmond, R. M. & Hufziger, L., 1989. Career Education and Career Guidance: Strategies for Implementing Career Development.. Journal of Career Development, , 15(4), pp. 257-264.
  • Dupont, S., 2015. Move Over Millennials, Here Comes Generation Z: Understanding the 'New Realists' Who Are Building the Future. [Online]
  • Available at:
  • [Accessed 12 10 2018].
  • Hughey, K. F. & Hughey, J. K., 1999. Preparing Students for the Future: Making Career Development a Priority. Journal of Career Development, , 25(3), pp. 203-216.
  • Hui, C. H. & Triandis, H. C., 1985. Measurement in Cross-Cultural Psychology A Review and Comparison of Strategies. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, , 16(2), pp. 131-152.
  • King, G., Murray, C. J. L., Salomon, J. A. & Tandon, A., 2003. Enhancing the Validity and Cross-Cultural Comparability of Measurement in Survey Research. American Political Science Review, , 98(01), pp. 191-207.
  • Maioli, E., 2016. New Generations and Employment – An Exploratory Study about Tensions Between the Psycho-social Characteristics of the Generation Z and Expectations and Actions of Organizational Structures Related with Employment (CABA, 2016).. The Journal of Business, , 2(1), pp. 1-12.
  • Nodine PM, H.-T. M. & Santrock, J. W., 2013. Life-Span Development. McN. The American Journal of Maternal Child Nursing, , 37(2), p. 110–5.
  • Patton, W. & Creed, P. A., 2001. Developmental Issues in Career Maturity and Career Decision Status. Career Development Quarterly, , 49(4), pp. 336-351.
  • Prince, M., 2008. Measurement validity in cross-cultural comparative research. Epidemiologia E Psichiatria Sociale-an International Journal for Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences, , 17(3), pp. 211-220.
  • Santrock, J. W., 2013. Life-Span Development (14th edition). ed. (): McGraw Hill.
  • Savickas, M., 2005. The theory and practice of career construction. In: S. Brown & R. Lent, eds. Career development and counseling. New Jersey: John Wiley & Sons.
  • Savickas, M. L. & Porfeli, E. J., 2011. Revision of the Career Maturity Inventory: The Adaptability Form. Journal of Career Assessment, , 19(4), pp. 355-374.
  • Sumintono, B. & Widhiarso, W., 2015. Aplikasi Pemodelan Rasch pada asesmen pendidikan. Cimahi: Trim Komunikata.
  • Xiao, J. J., Newman, B. M. & Chu, B.-s., 2016. Career Preparation of High School Students A Multi-Country Study. Youth & Society, , 50(6), pp. 818-840.