This research revealed the phenomenon of Indonesia as a country with a demographic bonus of over 262 million population facing the challenges of the industrial revolution 4.0. There were different cases of people with the ability to catch up with this development thereby leading to shock and mental instability. Therefore, counselors need to understand this phenomenon and revisit their counseling theories in order to be optimal in helping clients (especially teenager and adult) deal with these problems. The library research method was used in this study. After the review of the works of literature as regards the concept, it was found that the flow of existentialism is being used to view humans. This, according to Albert Ellis, shows that it is not an external experience or event that causes emotionality but an understanding given to it. However, this means that the client’s understanding of the challenges in the industrial revolution must be discussed in the counseling session so as to have the right perception and effective behavior. Therefore, counselors can use the life skill counseling model to help their clients.
revisiting, counseling theory, the industrial revolution era 4.0.