A Systematic Review: Benefits of Physical Activity in Elderly Hypertension


Increasing life expectancy has an impact on increasing the number of elderly people. With increasing age, the elderly will be more susceptible to various physical complaints due to a decrease in bodily system functions. Physical activity that is lacking in the elderly increases the risk of hypertension. This systematic review aims to determine the benefits of physical activity in elderly hypertension. This study uses a systematic review method with search articles on Ebsco, Proquest, Science Direct, Oxford and Google Scholar published in the last ten years (2008-2018). Ten studies reviewed used a cross sectional and quasi experimental design. The relationship between physical activity and decreased blood pressure in the elderly was found in six studies. Two studies reported that physical activity can improve the cognitive abilities of hypertensive patients. One study that showed regular physical activity had a positive effect on quality of life and another study showed reducing the cost requirements for elderly hypertension. Thus, regular and consistent physical activity can reduce blood pressure and improve health status in the elderly. Need more research and consistent methods to understand the effectiveness of physical activity in hypertensive patients.


Physical activity, elderly, hypertension


  • United Nations, “World Population Prospects,” 2017.
  • Kementerian kesehatan RI, “Analisis Lansia di Indonesia,” 2017.
  • Soeweno, Pedoman Pelaksanaan Posyandu Lanjut Usia. Jakarta: Komnas Lansia, 2010.
  • Riskesdas, “Riset Kesehatan Dasar,” Jakarta: Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kesehatan Departemen Kesehatan Republik Indonesia, no. Penyakit Menular. Jakarta, p. 103, 2013.
  • Kementerian Kesehatan RI, Profil Penyakit Tidak Menular. Jakarta: Kementerian Kesehatan RI, 2016.
  • Swartz & Mark.H, Buku Ajar Diagnostik Fisik. Jakarta: EGC, 2003.
  • WHO, “Prevalence of insufficient physical activity,” 2015.
  • Moher et al, “Preferred Reporting Items for Reviews and Metaanalyses : The PRISMA Statement,” J. Chinise Integr. Med., vol. 7, no. 9, pp. 889–896, 2009.
  • Sari &Sarifah, “The Effect of Moderat Intensity of Low Impact Aerobic Gymnastic on the Change of Blood Pressure in Elderly,” PROFESI, vol. 13, no. March 2016, pp. 50–54, 2016.
  • Xavier, “The Relationship between Physical Activities with Blood Pressure of Elder People in Banjarejo, Malang,” Nurs. News (Meriden)., vol. 2, pp. 358–368, 2017.
  • R. N. Mondal et al., “Prevalence and Risk Factors of Hypertension in Rangpur , Bangladesh,” World Heart J., vol. 5, no. 2, 2013.
  • M. Mila, “Hubungan Aktifitas Fisik dengan Tekanan Darah pada Lansia,” 2016.
  • E. S. Ridwan, “Life style and Hypertension on elderly in Kasihan Bantul Yogyakarta,” J. Ners Midwifery Indones., vol. 2, pp. 67–70, 2013.
  • M. B. Bjertness et al., “Prevalence and determinants of hypertension in Myanmar - A nationwide cross-sectional study,” BMC Public Health, vol. 16, no. 1, 2016.
  • F. C. Guimarães et al., “Physical activity and better medication compliance improve mini-mental state examination scores in the elderly,” Dement. Geriatr. Cogn. Disord., vol. 39, pp. 25–31, 2015.
  • Muzamil, “Hubungan Antara Tingkat Aktivitas Fisik dengan Fungsi Kognitif pada Usila di Kelurahan Jati Kecamatan Padang Timur,” J. Kesehat. Andalas, vol. 3, no. 2, pp. 141–147, 2014.
  • Y. Zhang et al., “Health-related quality of life and its influencing factors for patients with hypertension: Evidence from the urban and rural areas of Shaanxi Province, China,” BMC Health Serv. Res., vol. 16, no. 1, pp. 1–10, 2016.
  • D. R. Bueno, M. De Fátima Nunes Marucci, L. A. Gobbo, M. De Almeida-Roediger, Y. A. De Oliveira Duarte, and M. L. Lebrão, “Expenditures of medicine use in hypertensive/diabetic elderly and physical activity and engagement in walking: cross secctional analysis of SABE Survey,” BMC Geriatr., vol. 17, no. 1, pp. 1–9, 2017.

DOI : https://doi.org/10.32698/GCS-PSSHERS364