Sustainability of Waqf Muhammadiyah: A Historical Study from Past to Present


Waqf has an important role in the successful development of the Persyarikatan Muhammadiyah. In addition to religious services, the Muhammadiyah Persyarikatan attempt to use waqf land for social and educational establishments. Report of the Councils of the Central Board of Muhammadiyah 2010- 2015 (PP-Muhammadiyah, 2015) on the development of Muhammadiyah's charitable efforts, in particular in the areas of education, health, public welfare, economic, and da'wah. Furthermore, there are around 3,717 ha of waqf assets and fix managed by the Muhammadiyah organization. Muhammadiyah movement succeeds to manage waqf for social welfare. However, many people are not familiar with what and how the basic ideas of waqf for the charitable effort by KH. Ahmad Dahlan. The study of this scientific paper uses a qualitative paradigm with reviews literature to examine the history and phenomena of Waqf Muhammadiyah from aspects of personality and thoughts and ideas of KH. Ahmad Dahlan revealed in the external acts (words and deeds) in developing Muhammadiyah in Indonesia. Furthermore, provides descriptive data to present the condition of waqf Muhammadiyah from history until the present. Lastly, the result of this study concludes that the trust of the community for waqf in Muhammadiyah is still very high. This is because economic efforts are increasingly being felt by fostering MSMEs including mini-markets, developing the Baitut Tamwil Muhammadiyah network, utilizing waqf land, and cooperating with companies and financial institutions at home and abroad. Through charitable efforts, Muhammadiyah is endlessly engaged in developing models of movement and community empowerment. On the other hand, many issues are being faced by Muhammadiyah endowments today, there are still many endowments that are bearable or have not been maximally empowered for the people. Not only that, the security and productivity of the assets, the financial resources, human resources, and the digital system. So, the waqf in Muhammadiyah needed to revitalize. Several important aspects must be emphasized in the application of the contemporary waqf asset in Muhammadiyah: the management, administration, governance, and sustainability of waqf institutions. The future of Waqf Muhammadiyah is the chain of the past and the present. Moreover, it takes a painstaking effort to assemble the history in a strategy to move forward profoundly. The reform history of the early generation shall be a reference related to the perseverance, sincerity, and courage in the tireless struggle in lengthy times crossing. Although, Muhammadiyah was established by Kyai Haji Ahmad Dahlan as the largest modern Muslim organization in Indonesia, as well as in the Islamic world. But there are still many who need to study, over time, and advances in technology and waqf Muhammadiyah must continue to follow these developments.


Waqf, muhammadiyah, sustainability


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