The implementation of Higher-Level Thinking Skills (HOTS) in History Education

Abstract

Learning history is not just about learning the facts or events of the past but it is necessary to understand what is being taught and to analyze and generate new ideas about it to solve a problem or situation that students will encounter. Therefore, the element of High Level Thinking Skills (HOTS) that a student should possess will help students to achieve that level. High Level Thinking Skills (HOTS) is the ability to apply knowledge, skills and values in reasoning and reflection to solve problems, make decisions, innovate and create things. Malaysian Education Ministry has introduced the High Level Thinking Skills (HOTS) in the school system to produce young people with creative and critical thinking skills to deal with their own problems. In conjunction with that, the implementation of HOTS in History Education is expected to attract students to History subjects and to enhance the achievement of the students in this subject. In addition, the implementation of HOTS is also to create a situation where the quality of education system in Malaysia can compete with world level. This concept paper discusses the implementation of HOTS in History Education at Malaysia. The concept of High Level Thinking Skills (HOTS) is described in detail. Next, the issues faced by the teachers and the students are also explained. Finally, some suggestions for addressing the issues of HOTS implementation are outlined in this concept paper. Overall, this concept paper describes the implementation of Higher Level Thinking Skills (HOTS) in History Education.

Keywords

High Level Thinking Skills (HOTS), School system, History Education

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DOI : https://doi.org/10.32698/GCS.01100