Developing Instruments for Need Assessment in Crisis Counseling Programs


The purpose of this research is to develop a measuring instrument used to analyze the needs of students. The very instrument is designed for crisis counseling and guidance programs. It is utilized to map out anxiety on counselees those are in a crisis situation. There are 7 indicators developed in it, including aspects of psychological development, violence, broken family, twisted moral and religious values, bullying in schools, suffering for HIV/AIDS, and busy working parents. Tests for validity of the data are in two stages, that are a test for construct validity and a test for empirical one. Test for construct validity is undertaken through setting appropriate indicators which are in accordance to a theoretical point of view. Whereas a test for empirical validity is obtained through testing on data collecting out of 75 high school students in Surabaya. The test for validity and its reliability uses the Cronbach's Alpha method. The test produces 20 items that are valid. Need assessment in crisis counseling can be used by counselors to map out the students at the beginning sessions of individual and group counseling. The results of this need assessment help the counselor to set goals and strategies along with the counselees.


need assessment, crisis, counseling


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