Profile Children with Spastic Cerebral Palsy and Preparing Services Program in Special School


Parts of motor development have an important role in the life and development of children, referred as movement abilities throughout the lifetime. Students with spastic cerebral palsy have spesific characteristics when their moving, the spastic muscle and rigidity, poor posture control are inhibiting factors in achieving functional movements. Qualitative research approach through interviews with parents and standard assessment tests on body awareness using BARS, RTc and posture, control posture sitting assess by PPAS and Gross Motor by GMFCS-R. The results of BARS, RTc and PPAS measurements in 4 spastic cerebral palsy students, show poor body awareness, release tension, the quality and quantity posture control data also show the similar result from front and side of sitting posture. Body awareness and posture control are preequisit factors for the quality of functional movements, profile of the student contain the strength and abilities, weakness and the needed of the student for services program. Development is a cumulative process, meaning that obstacles to previous developments will hamper further development, further research needs to be done in relation to body awareness and the release tension that occurs during movement


cerebral palsy spastic, body awareness, release tension, sitting control postur, services program.


  • Elbasan, B. Dkk. (2018). Effects of Neuromuscular Electrical Stimulation and Kinesio Taping Applications in Children with Cerebral Palsy on Postural Control and Sitting Balance. Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation, 31, hlm. 49-55
  • Gersh, Elliot. (1998). What is cerebral palsy?. Dalam Elaine Geralis (Penyunting). Children with cerebral palsy, a parents guide (hlm.1-34). USA: Woodbine House.
  • Hong, C.S. (2002) Positioning for children with learning disabilities. British Journal of Therapy & Rehabilitation, 9, hlm. 443–446
  • Massion, J. (1994). Postural control system. Current opinion in neurobiology, 4, hlm. 877-887.
  • McClenaghan, B.A. Thombs, L. & Milner M. (1992). Effects of seat-surface inclination on postural stability and function of the upper extremities of children with cerebral palsy. Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology, 34, hlm. 40-48.
  • Murata, A., Ishida, H. (2007). Representation of bodily self in the multimodal parieto-premotor network. Dalam Representation and brain (hlm. 151-176). Tokyo: Springer
  • Myhr, U. & von Wendt, L. (1991). Improvement of functional sitting position for children with cerebral palsy. Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology, 33, hlm. 346-356.
  • Nwaobi O.M. (1987). Seating orientation and upper extremity function in children with cerebral palsy. Physical Therapy, 67, hlm.1209- 1212
  • Rogers, L dan Wong, E. (2012). Cerebral Palsy. [Online]. Diakses dari
  • Saether, R., Helbostad, J. L., Riphagen, I. I., & Vik, T. (2013). Clinical tools to assess balance in children and adults with cerebral palsy: a systematic review. Developmental Medicine & Child Neurology, 55, hlm. 988-999
  • Shumway-Cook A, Woollacott MH. (2012). Normal Postural Control. Dalam Motor Control: Translating Research Into Clinical Practice (hlm 161–194). Baltimore: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.
  • Swaiman, K.F dan Wu, Y.W. (2012). Cerebral palsy. Dalam Swaiman dkk (Penyunting). Swaimans pediatric neurology, principle and practice (hlm. 999-1008). China: Elsevier Inc.
  • Tekin, F. Dkk. (2018). Effectiveness of Neurodevelopmental Treatment (Bobath Concept) on Postural Control and Balance in Cerebral Palsied Children. Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation, 31, hlm. 397-403
  • World Health Organization. (2001). ICD-11 for Mortality and Morbidity Statistics. [Online]. Diakses dari