The Effects of Using Positive Reinforcement Techniques to Reduce Disruptive Behavior of Pupil with ADHD


This study is aimed to study the effects of using positive reinforcement techniques to reduce disruptive behavior of Attention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder (ADHD) Integrated Special Education Program (PPKI) in a school in Kuala Lumpur. Positive reinforcement is a rewarding technique for behavior that can be repeated or sustained. This study was conducted during the implementation of the English subject and involved a pupil with ADHD who was purposively selected for this study. The study follows the single-subject design (A-B-A) and was conducted for six consecutive weeks, comprising of the baseline phase (A), the intervention phase (B) and the non-intervention phase (A). The researcher used positive reinforcement techniques through the hand stamp method to the whole class where a stamp will be stamped at the back of the pupils’ hands if they engage in the desired behavior. The data were recorded and analyzed using a frequency table and line graph.. The results showed that there was a reduction in disruptive behavior and increased pupil concentration after the intervention. This study is expected to assist and guide Special Education teachers in addressing pupil behavior problems.


positive reinforcement; behavior management; ADHD


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