Fine Motor Skills Through Art Therapy: A Case Study


Studies of art activities among students of Special Education Learning Problems in Malaysia. This study is based on the main objective of identifying the aspects of fine motor skills acquired when students conduct art activities during the teaching and learning (PdP) process. This study uses Albert Bandura's Social Theory and the VAKT Model. A study sample of four students aged between 8 and 10 comprising 2 boys and two girls at a primary school in Bandar Tasik Selatan, Kuala Lumpur. The study also involved a teacher who taught a visual arts class to be involved. Structured observation involves instruments containing the fine motor skills items of the pupil while performing art activities in the classroom. Interviews are also used to get teacher feedback to use for completing the data. Descriptive qualitative data were used in this study where data were presented in the form of frequency and percentages. The study focused on only one skill - fine motor skills. Fine motor skills involve four aspects of hand motor skills, object manipulation, fingerprinting skills and manual dexterity. The findings show that students are able to develop skills during PdP. Researchers recommend that further studies be conducted on students with learning disabilities who have attention deficit and hyperactivity disorder (KKTH) or ADHD and may be practiced outside of class. Overall, this study provides a positive picture of the importance of art therapeutic activities in stimulating students' fine motor skills.


Art therapy; autism and fine motor skills


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