A proficient way of thinking among the student is the main key to create innovative, creative and skillful pupils in order to fulfil the needs of the country in order for it to be recognized and able to compete with any other countries especially in 21st century. The school curriculum which is run by teachers plays an important role in order to lead the pupils and make them able to apply the Higher Order Thinking Skills (HOTS) in their studies. HOTS is an important aspect in teaching and learning methods that had been introduced for education purposes in Malaysia. Students with HOTS are able to learn, improve their performance and reduce their weaknesses in their studies. To be more concern about its application in daily learning at schools, especially in particular subject like History, HOTS is not well applied in primary school especially in rural areas. Thus, this paperwork is being conducted to observe the application of HOTS in daily learning and the ability of the pupils to cope with the system especially in primary schools in rural areas which most of the pupils are only from two different races, which are Dusun and Murut. This paperwork is also done as the suggestive methods to help the school and Ministry of Education in planning and preparing the methods that can be used for the application of HOTS in primary schools in rural areas particularly in learning of History subject.
HOTS, history subject, primary school, rural area