This concept paper discusses the concepts of effective Education and Learning History Education. Most of the common people attribute the effectiveness of History Education to mere academic achievement. Whereas in History Education, it is not just about the knowledge of History, but also the values of History including empathy and patriotism. The improvement in the quality of learning and facilitation in particular for History Education subjects which is often considered boring and only involves memorization of facts is a false statement. History Education is far more important in applying common values that are understood and shared by all. The presentation of facts and the application of values to each historical event must be balanced and moving in parallel. Academic excellence may be easy to achieve, but the practice and appreciation of History values are paramount and are not easy to integrate into learning and facilitating. In addition, this concept paper also addresses the emerging issues and challenges faced by teachers and students in creating effective teaching and learning to achieve that goal. Emphasis will also be placed on explaining effective teaching theory as well as aspects of teacher readiness through the dimensions of content knowledge, pedagogical skills and teacher attitudes in the incorporation of Historical values. In addition, this concept paper also introduces elements of 21st-century teaching and learning covering the areas of communication, collaboration, creativity and critical thinking. Also noteworthy are the proposed improvements to the history teacher's effective teaching practice.
History Education, Effective Learning, Issues and Challenges of History Education, PAK-21